Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Odysseus :: essays research papers

  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The Bond of Love There are many essential emotions that form the building blocks of our lives. These emotions help to shape the people that we are. These feelings are ones that are ultimately necessary to keep us happy. Nothing makes these feelings more evident than the Odyssey by Homer. Through out the course of this book there is one major emotional theme, which is love. Love is shown within a family, which chose to fight to keep their togetherness no matter how much that had to endure. One main strife in life is to be in search of a companion who makes us happy and for whom we would do anything. Odysseus and Penelope's lasting loyalty is an obvious representation of love in the Odyssey. Although Odysseus is gone for twenty years he never forgets his faithful wife in Ithaca. This love seems to help him persevere through the many hardships that he encounters on his journey home. On the other hand, Penelope too remains loyal to her beloved Odysseus no matter what happens. At home in Ithaca, she stays loyal to Odysseus by unraveling his shroud and delaying the possible marriage to one of the many suitors. She always keeps the hope that her love, Odysseus, will return. Odysseus and Penelope's marriage clearly illustrates the theme of love in the epic. The bond formed between father and son is another one of life's ways of showing love. This relationship is shown throughout the Odyssey. Telemachos's desperate search for his father, and Odysseus longing for his homeland and the warmth of his wife and son are prime examples. Although Telemachos knows not weather Odysseus is really his father, he still cares for him and the well being of what could be his father. When Odysseus hears of all the suitors devouring Telemachos's future fortune and mistreating him, he wants to return and do away with them. Odysseus, like any parent, also misses his only child while he is at war. Telemachos leaving Ithaca in search of knowledge of his father, not knowing anything about life on sea, shows his love for the father figure that he really needs. Odysseus :: essays research papers   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The Bond of Love There are many essential emotions that form the building blocks of our lives. These emotions help to shape the people that we are. These feelings are ones that are ultimately necessary to keep us happy. Nothing makes these feelings more evident than the Odyssey by Homer. Through out the course of this book there is one major emotional theme, which is love. Love is shown within a family, which chose to fight to keep their togetherness no matter how much that had to endure. One main strife in life is to be in search of a companion who makes us happy and for whom we would do anything. Odysseus and Penelope's lasting loyalty is an obvious representation of love in the Odyssey. Although Odysseus is gone for twenty years he never forgets his faithful wife in Ithaca. This love seems to help him persevere through the many hardships that he encounters on his journey home. On the other hand, Penelope too remains loyal to her beloved Odysseus no matter what happens. At home in Ithaca, she stays loyal to Odysseus by unraveling his shroud and delaying the possible marriage to one of the many suitors. She always keeps the hope that her love, Odysseus, will return. Odysseus and Penelope's marriage clearly illustrates the theme of love in the epic. The bond formed between father and son is another one of life's ways of showing love. This relationship is shown throughout the Odyssey. Telemachos's desperate search for his father, and Odysseus longing for his homeland and the warmth of his wife and son are prime examples. Although Telemachos knows not weather Odysseus is really his father, he still cares for him and the well being of what could be his father. When Odysseus hears of all the suitors devouring Telemachos's future fortune and mistreating him, he wants to return and do away with them. Odysseus, like any parent, also misses his only child while he is at war. Telemachos leaving Ithaca in search of knowledge of his father, not knowing anything about life on sea, shows his love for the father figure that he really needs.

Monday, January 13, 2020

Creatine and Improved Athletic Performance: Benefits, Risks, and Regulation

Kaitlyn Paul Ani Govjian English 105 2 October 2012 Creatine and Improved Athletic Performance: Benefits, Risks, and Regulation Abstract Creatine, being a natural building block in fast twitch muscle energy supply, can also be used by athletes as a supplement to increase muscular performance. It can be classified by many athletic associations as a muscle building supplement, much like anabolic steroids, and these associations take that into account when generating use policies for competition.However, there are many risks associated with such use: organ failures, blood clots, and a reduction of the effectiveness of natural creatine stores within the body. The lack of regulation on such supplements also presents the risks of contamination and reactions with other substance ingested simultaneously as well as separately. The implications of creatine supplement use have not been fully developed and further research needs to be conducted to improve the limited knowledge base of the comple te function of this complex substance in order to protect the safety of the athletes using them.Key Terms Creatine, phosphocreatine, type II (fast twitch) muscle fibers, National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), ATP (Adenosine-5-triphosphate), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), nutritional supplements Introduction Performance enhancing drugs have been used and abused in sports for as far back as historians can remember. One such substance, creatine, could be considered the non-steroidal anabolic steroid. Use of this supplement has spiked and has spread across various athletic disciplines.While creatine most definitely contributes to muscle performance in athletes, not enough research and regulation to fully consider it safe or even to understand its effects on the body have occurred. Creatine and Improved Athletic Performance Creatine is a naturally occurring amino acid that is produced in the pancreas, liver, and kidneys and is used as an energy source for the body’s skeletal muscles. It is also ingested with the consumption of meats and fish (Creatine Supplements 2011).The body reserves this substance and converts it into phosphocreatine which is stored within the muscles for later use. Phosphocreatine is then converted into ATP (Adenosine-5-triphosphate) when the cells within type II or â€Å"fast twitch† muscle fibers call upon it during brief, high intensity exercise such as sprints or bounds (Jenkins 1998). Using a supplement to increase creatine levels within the body has become widely popular among athletes as it increases strength and helps build lean muscle mass during exercises that utilize type II muscle fibers (Ehrlich 2011).However, due to its classification as a muscle building supplement, much like anabolic steroids, the NCAA prohibits the supply of creatine supplements to athletes by school officials of any kind (Greenwood 2008). Therefore, the athlete is responsible for the selection and consumption of creatine supplemen ts should he/she decide to take them. Risks of Creatine Consumption Creatine promises benefits that are every athlete’s dream such as increased muscle mass and improved performance.However, research has indicated that there are some valid health concerns regarding creatine use that athletes may want to consider before deciding to ingest this particular supplement such as: renal and liver issues, blood pressure, and anterior compartment syndrome (Greenwood 2008). An increased risk of stroke can also be caused by the excessive use of creatine, especially when combined with commonly ingested substances such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen (Advil) and naproxen (Aleve) or caffeine (Ehrlich 2011).The long-term use of creatine can also prove to be dangerous to one’s health with side effects from muscle cramps to seizures, ranging in severity with length of exposure (Creatine Supplements 2011). Dosing and overuse are also important factors to be conside red. With roughly 44% of high school senior athletes having reported using creatine in one particular study, it is evident that a large number of users have not yet reached adulthood (Creatine Supplements 2011).Although creatine has been through some research, there is none that has indicated its safety in users under the age of 19 which is the largest demographic of users that experience overdose (Ehrlich 2011). Because creatine occurs naturally with the consumption of meat products and production within the liver and kidneys from amino acids, when one supplements their diet with exogenous creatine, it slows the production of natural creatine thus increasing their need to take supplements and furthering the original issue (Jenkins 1998).Furthermore, the negative effects of creatine may be compounded by the other contents in the supplements. FDA Regulation of Supplements The Food and Drug Administration in the United States does not regulate the contents of nutritional supplements n or does it regulate/ensure proper labeling on product containers. The FDA simply requires reporting of adverse reactions to the contents of said supplements as they occur. Because of the lack of regulation from the FDA, any supplement, including creatine, could potentially contain substances harmful to the user as an athlete and/or as a human being (Jenkins 1998).For instance, there have been reports of contaminants within creatine such as dicyandiamide and dihydrotriazine, which are both microbiocides: substances that kill microbes or 90% of cells in the human body (Greenwood 2008). Further, since creatine is still mostly a mystery with regards to its effects on important organ systems and its effects when combined with commonly consumed substances such as energy drinks and over-the-counter drugs, ingesting it can prove to be extremely dangerous seeing as how a majority of Americans use these substances on a regular basis.Conclusion The use of creatine, though heavily encouraged by the demands of society on athletes to be stronger or faster than their competitors, has the potential to ruin an athlete’s career because of the multitude of risks. One may see the words â€Å"all natural† on a bottle and assume that creatine supplements are safe to consume, but athletes should be educated about the possible effects on his or her body and athletic career in the long run.Creatine needs to be banned in athletic competition and competitors need to be subject to testing like that of anabolic steroids until further research and innovations have been completed to ensure the integrity and safety of the product. The FDA needs to implement more restrictive regulations on supplements of any kind to reduce the possibility of contamination and/or improper labeling. There is no doubt that creatine had a multitude of effects based on its natural rigins within the body, but athletes, and people in general, need to be smart about what they put in their body and weigh the risks over the benefits.References Ehrlich S, reviewer. 2011. Creatine [Internet]. Baltimore, MD: University of Maryland Medical System; [cited 2012 Sept 13]. Available from: http://www. umm. edu/altmed/articles/creatine-000297. htm Greenwood M. 2008. Creatine overview: facts, fallacies, and future. Essentials of Creatine in Sports and Health. [Cited 2012 Sept 11]; 211-240. SpringerLink [Internet]. Springer, Part of Springer Science+Business Media. date unknown]. Available from: http://www. springerlink. com/content/p5x7536l76h55717/fulltext. pdf. System Requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader and subscription required for access. Jenkins MA, author. 1998. Creatine supplementation in athletes: review [Internet]. SportsMed Web; [cited 2012 Sept 11]. Available from: http://www. rice. edu/~jenky/sports/creatine. html Unknown, compiler/author. 2011. Creatine supplements [Internet]. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; [cited 2012 Sept 13]. Available from: http://orthoinfo. aaos. or g/topic. cfm? topic=a00373

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Racism and Identity in Ralph Ellison’s The Invisible Man...

In Ralph Ellison’s novel The Invisible man, the unknown narrator states â€Å"All my life I had been looking for something and everywhere I turned someone tried to tell me what it was†¦I was looking for myself and asking everyone except myself the question which I, and only I, could answer†¦my expectations to achieve a realization everyone else appears to have been born with: That I am nobody but myself. But first I had to discover that I am an invisible man!† (13). throughout the novel, the search for identity becomes a major aspect for the narrator’s journey to identify who he is in this world. The speaker considers himself to be an â€Å"invisible man† but he defines his condition of being invisible due to his race (Kelly). Identity and race†¦show more content†¦Kun Jong Lee’s article â€Å"Ellison’s Invisible Man: Emersonianism Revised† distinguishes that the protagonist uses the Emersonian theory to mediate his past and aid him in his search for identity (331). Lee presents the fact that racial differences are clearly evident but affirms that Emersonian theory establishes that despite the social movements of American history such as emancipation, there was still the idea of racial segregation. For example, Emerson makes a note that â€Å"Nations and races, like individuals, have each an especial destiny: some are to rule and others be ruled. No two distinctly-marked races can dwell together on equal terms† (334). Despite the intellectual differences such as the narrator’s eloquent speeches that defined who he was, Emerson still affirms that segregation is in favor of a superior race and that one ethnic group is therefore the dominate race. In Ellison’s novel, the narrator is a clear representation of his African race and therefore struggles in the white cultured society. According to Stark in his comparative article â€Å"Invisible man: Ellison’s Black Odyssey† he references an article by Booker T in which illustrates that â€Å"the invisible man lives through the stages of Black American history: exploitation of the crudest kind by Whites† (60). For instance this is idea is depicted in the Battle royal scene. The narrator is beaten and humiliated for the soleShow MoreRelatedMetaphors In Ralph Ellisons Invisible Man1235 Words   |  5 PagesMetaphors in Invisible Man Ellison uses many examples of metaphors in his novel to convey invisibility, especially with references to music, imagery, and the use of a nameless character. With literature that challenged the accepted ideals surrounding that time period, Ellison expresses his thoughts by comparing an invisible man to various relatable subjects in life. When the narrator firsts starts on his journey and gets constantly bumped, he states that â€Å"You constantly wonder whether you aren’tRead MoreThe Tone and Style of Ralph Ellisons Battle Royal Essay963 Words   |  4 PagesA short analysis of the major theme found in Ellison’s Battle Royal, supported by a literary criticism dealing with the tone and style of the story. Introduction: Ralph Ellison’s short story, Battle Royal, is mainly an account of the African American struggle for equality and identity. The narrator of the story is an above average youth of the African American community [Goldstein-Shirlet, 1999]. He is given an opportunity to give a speech to some of the more prestigious white individuals. HisRead MoreRalph Ellison’S Novel, Invisible Man Serves As A Cultural1408 Words   |  6 PagesRalph Ellison’s novel, Invisible Man serves as a cultural ethnography of the African American condition in the 1950s. Flooded with issues of signifyin(g), African American folklore, and trickster figures, Ellison’s main theme for the novel is for the narrator to find his own identity in a world defined by whiteness. Specifically, Ellison’s employment of the trickster, a figure that generally bends normal rules and conventional behavior, acts as a cultural â€Å"gift-bearer† that is essential to the readingRead MoreThe Struggle for Equality and Identity in Ralph Ellisons Battle Royal915 Words   |  4 PagesRalph Ellison’s short story, Battle Royal, is mainly a description of the African American struggle for equality and identity. The narrator of the story is an above average youth of the African American community [Goldstein-Shirlet, 1999]. He is given an opportunity to give a speech to some of the more prestigious white individuals. His expectations of being received in a positive and normal environment are drastically dashed when he is faced with the severity of the process he must deal with inRead MoreEssay on Impact of Rasicm on Idenity in Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man1293 Words   |  6 PagesIn society, there are many misconceptions in terms of racism. According to the merriam-webster dictionary, racism is define the belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others . Many people would agree with that definition. What is racism? The normal person if asked will simply reply, not liking someone for the color of their skin. Racism from my attitude which is substantiated by historical events is a system of power .ThereforeRead More Use of Symbolism In Ralph Ellisons Invisible Man Essay766 Words   |  4 PagesRalph Ellison uses several symbols to emphasize the narrator’s attempt to escape from stereotypes and his theme of racial inequalities in his novel, Invisible Man. In particular, the symbolism of the cast-iron is one that haunts the narrator throughout the book. Ellison’s character discovers a small, cast-iron bank that implies the derogatory stereotypes of a black man in society at the time. From its â€Å"wide-mouthed, red-lipped, and very black† features, to its suggestion of a black man entertainingRead MoreAnalysis Of Invisible Man By Ralph Ellison1665 Words   |  7 PagesRyan LaFleche 2-21-16 Dr. Valkeakari AMS 365 The Complexity of Identity in Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison Invisible Man (1952), written by Ralph Ellison, tells the story of a young, college- educated African American man struggling to survive and succeed in a society that is racially divided that refuses to consider him to be a human being. Taking place in the late 1920s and early 1930s, this novel describes the extraordinary journey of an unnamed African AmericanRead MoreRevelations Of The Fictional Characters Of Ralph Ellison s Invisible Man1402 Words   |  6 PagesDrew Wiseman Mrs. McElroy AP English 12 September 3, 2012 Revelations of the Protagonist In Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man, the main character goes through a spiritual realization just as Meursault does in Albert Camus’ The Stranger. In the Invisible Man, Dr. Bledsoe leads the protagonist astray to the fabled Harlem of New York City. Once the narrator arrives in Harlem, it becomes apparent that he was sent to Harlem as a punishment and has been permanently expelled from black college. The narratorRead More Essay on Race in Invisible Man and Black Boy1153 Words   |  5 PagesThe Question of Race in Invisible Man and Black Boy      Ã‚   In the early twentieth century black American writers started employing modernist ways of argumentation to come up with possible answers to the race question. Two of the most outstanding figures of them on both, the literary and the political level, were Richard Wright, the most important voice in black American literature for the first half of the twentieth century (Norton, 548) and his contemporary Ralph Ellison, one of the mostRead MoreInvisibility in Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison Essay958 Words   |  4 Pagesunseen by anyone. In popular media, the hero is also often portrayed as being invisible, going behind the enemys back to complete his or her mission. In Ralph Ellisons Invisible Man, this view of invisibility is reversed; rather than being invisible and getting noticed, a man is in plain sight of everyone- however, due to a slew of stereotypes and prejudices, nobody recognizes what he accomplishes. Beginning his journey as a man who stays out of the way by doing w hat he is told, he is quickly forced

Saturday, December 28, 2019

The Existence of a God Essay - 731 Words

The Existence of a God Throughout history, the worship of gods has been a part of daily life even amidst those cultures that have been considered savage. The reactions, movement, existence, comparisons, purposes, and common beliefs of the world show that there must be a god. The existence of a god is an irrefutable fact. Sir Isaac Newton stated that every action has a reaction. Therefore every reaction is formed from an action which#8364;in and of itself is a reaction to a previous action. If this theory is followed far enough back, there must be an original action, something that starts all actions, and causes all reactions. Since nothing can cause its own action, because to do so would mean that it would have to†¦show more content†¦Once again, by following this path to its origin one will find that something must always have existed in order for anything further to exist because for something to exist, it will one day cease to exist and in order for it to cease to exist it must at on e point not have existed. Thus it must have been created since that which does not exist comes into being by something that exists(Knowledge, 134). And, as we saw in relation to movers and to causes, so we cannot but postulate the existence of some being having of itself its own existence and not receiving it from another, but rather causing in others their existence. Thus, one may observe evidence of the existence of god. Comparisons between things using more or less show that there must be something to which the thing is being compared. To say that something is better than something else which is good is to show that one has the extreme resemblance of the most. Thus, there must be a being that is the most good, something to which everything is compared. As the ultimate good would likely be found in a perfect being, and it is said that god is perfect, than this ultimate good must be the supreme being which is known as god. Thus for the comparisons to be used and found to be truthful, there must be a god. The purposes for which things exist also provide proof of the existence of god. Everything acts with a purposeShow MoreRelatedThe Existence Of God : God1305 Words   |  6 PagesThe existence of God has been in question for as long as mankind has existed and thought logically. Many questions have plagued the human mind in regards to God, and there have been many arguments drawn with the hopes of proving the existence of a supreme being whom we know as God. The â€Å"God† question has been presented to every individual at some point in their lives. It is a topic that will bring forth never-ending questions and an equal amount of attempted answers. Many philosophers have formulatedRead MoreThe Existence Of God1304 Words   |  6 PagesIn this paper I’m going to argue that there exists only one God who is the most beneficent and the most merciful and that Blackburn’s claim for the existence of evil doesn t prove that there does not exist a God who is all knowing, all good and all powerful. Exposition:(349 words) In chapter five, Blackburn expresses his take on the existence of God. He believes that people with religious beliefs have to be evaluated â€Å"in terms of truth and falsity†. He thinks that that it is just the set of ritualsRead MoreThe Existence Of God s Existence1339 Words   |  6 Pagesidea of God. The existence of God is one of the most sought out topic that is frequently inquired. Is there really a God or is God merely a concept humans created to explain the unexplainable? And if God does exist, what makes him different from the rest of us? A well-known philosopher, St. Thomas Aquinas, introduced five proofs including the Cosmological Arguments of God’s existence, as well as explained some divine qualities that are associated with God. The nature of God’s existence is oftenRead MoreThe Existence of God1317 Words   |  6 PagesThe Existence of God For centuries, the idea of God has been a part of mans history. Past and present, there has always been a different integration consisting of the believers and the non-believers of God. The group of those who have faith in God tend to be related to one religion or another. On the other hand, the skeptics find the existence of God somewhat puzzling and try to seek the answers through scientific methods. Even as of today with all the modern technologies and the developmentRead MoreThe Existence Of God2601 Words   |  11 Pagesstatements established about the unseen and natural forces since the beginning of time. It gave rise to questions such as: Do aliens exist? Is there a world of the unseen? Life after Death and the most popular question since the beginning of times, Does God exists? And the answer is ‘yes’. Here is how I will justify my stance. Imagine yourself walking in the middle of a desert, which shows no signs of life regardless of which ever direction your eyes turn to. When, suddenly, you see something reflectingRead MoreGod s Existence Of God936 Words   |  4 PagesNot Be Afraid to Explore More Than One Religion God’s existence sometimes does not exist to certain people. When it comes to the teaching and knowledge about God many people are not aware because they have never been taught about how God appeared on the earth. I choose this topic because I was one of those people who has never really been raised around certain religion nor about the teaching how God came to be. However, I have been taught that God does exist and that his son Jesus are the reason forRead MoreThe Argument On The Existence Of God1629 Words   |  7 PagesThe idea of God has been a part of man’s history for centuries. Since time began there has been various combination of believers, and non-believers. Individuals who believes in God, belong to many different religion. Whereas, skeptics find the existence of God somewhat baffling, and have continually sought answers to His existence through scientific methods. As the world progresses in scientific, and technological advancement, the human race still face s the question of God’s existence. Many philosophersRead MoreAtheism And The Existence Of God Essay1294 Words   |  6 Pagesevident fact that God exists. Whereas some atheists would claim that the theists bear the burden of proof since they are making supernatural claims. In the following essay I will be discussing both opinions on this matter, and perhaps show how the burden of proof lies on both of them and neither of them. I will begin this discussion by defining the recurring terms during the discussion on the existence of God. Traditionally the three attitudes one could hold towards the existence of God are theism, atheismRead MoreEvil And The Existence Of God1147 Words   |  5 PagesThis essay is based on how the problem of evil attacks head on into the existence of god who is all good, all powerful and all knowing. The problem of evil is a wide area that can t be outrun easily. The concept of evil has been problematic to many philosophers. When speaking about evil, we all have the idea that is the absence of good. For some religious people, Evil has been described as a supernatural force, although for others is been described as part of the human nature. Blackburn mainly raiseRead MoreEssay on The Existence Of God908 Words   |  4 PagesPopular Arguments For The Existence Of God The Ontological Argument One of the most important attempts to demonstrate the existence of God is the ontological argument of Saint Anselm, an 11th-century theologian. Anselm’s argument maintains that God, defined as the greatest being that can be conceived, must exist, since a being that does not exist would by virtue of that fact lack an attribute that contributes to its greatness. Critics have questioned, however, whether existence actually contributes

Friday, December 20, 2019

Chapter 10 Of The Book Is About Cultural Geography Essay

Geography 100 Reading Summary Chapter 10 of the book is about Cultural Geography. This chapter of the books starts the discussion by trying to define what the â€Å"culture† is. Culture is a â€Å"total way of life shared by a group of people.† This culture is not necessarily fixed in time or place. However, culture does have a significant correlation with place. For example, Mexican food is called that way since it is originated from Mexico. It is called the â€Å"territorialization of culture.† A culture can be â€Å"reterritorialized†, which means it can be relocated from its origin to other places, and â€Å"deterritorialized†. These kinds of cultures are being more globalized and reterritorialized since long-distance and international migrations of population. This recent trend of long-distance migration affects both origin, and destination country. Origin countries may lose some talented and educated people but will earn remittances. Destination country may get more talent ed people, but will have tension in job market. For these reasons, countries try to regulate immigrations. Even with each countries’ effort to control the immigration, this trend is growing faster and faster as years pass. Then, what are some aspects of culture? The foremost and the most distinctive part is language. Cultures that share same language have higher percentage of sharing other aspects of cultures, such as food and customs, because it is more possible for them to interact with one another. Other than language,Show MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Book The Of And It Gon Na Hurt You 1203 Words   |  5 PagesMrs. Jones English 101 28 August 2015 Chapter Analysis of How to Read Literature like a Professor (chapters 11-15, 18-27) Chapter 11 - ...More Than It’s Gonna Hurt You: Concerning Violence The main objective of this chapter is to describe violence and its purpose in a literary work. In this chapter, the author speaks of violence and the two kinds of violence which are the specific injury and the narrative violence. Violence can be described as symbolic, thematic, biblical, Shakespearean, romanticRead MoreA Textbook Analysis1425 Words   |  6 PagesLANG 202 – Textbook evaluation activity Choose a beginning or intermediate language textbook for your target language. I recommend that you use the book you taught from in the fall or the one you are using this quarter, but you are not required to use one of those. Name of textbook: Deutsch: Na klar! Level 102 1. First look for the presence of the target culture in the textbook... a. Does the textbook present mostly â€Å"Culture† or mostly â€Å"culture† or a good balance of bothRead MoreCoogan Essay664 Words   |  3 PagesKimberly Craig-Assignment #2 Chapter 6 1. Choose a small section of the narrative of the plagues in Exodus 7-12, and identify the parts of the passage that you would attribute to J, E, and P. What characteristics phrases and themes of each source occur in the passage? Gnat and boils seems to belong to P, flies, cattle, hail, and locusts, and darkness go to J. E may be in the blood and locusts, but only a hint. 4. Compare Exodus 14 and 15. How do the prose and poetic accounts of the eventRead MoreStudy And Investigation Questions On Chinua Achebe s Things Fall Apart 871 Words   |  4 PagesGeography 101 Name _______________________ Spring 2016 Things Fall Apart Study and Investigation Questions (post to the D2L page, turn in one copy at the beginning of class, save one copy for yourself) What are the farthest northern, western, eastern, and southern points in Nigeria as described in absolute terms? (4 absolute locations [estimate to nearest degree], 2 coordinates each) Find and note the same for the Democratic Republic of the Congo. (Estimate to the nearest degree usingRead MoreCleopatra, The Last Queen Of Egypt1251 Words   |  6 Pageswriting this book is â€Å"to create a portrait of Cleopatra based solely on information from the ancient world† (x). Roller achieves his purpose by organizing his work chronologically beginning with Cleopatra’s lineage and ending with the downfall to her kingdom around 34 B.C. In order to grasp some of the information in this novel, the reader must first draw upon Egyptian and Greco-Roman art as well as Greek and Latin literature (Roller x). In addition to the primary sources used to write this book, DuaneRead MoreWebliography705 Words   |  3 Pages [1/4/2010] This fascinating article relates specifically to material covered in Chapter 7: North Africa and Southwest Asia. Page 259 in the textbook talks about countries like the United Arab Emirate (UAE) that Dubai is a part of â€Å"†¦deriving substantial revenues from oil.† The article also says the same thing. The article also discusses how foreign workers built the Burj Dubai building. Page 259 talked about the important role of foreign workers. The textbook (259) also says Dubai is symbolizedRead MoreLiving in a Global Society Rubric1814 Words   |  8 PagesLiving in a Global Society Integrated Unit Assignment and Rubric/Feedback Sheet Description: Teacher candidates will develop an instructional unit based on a realistic fiction trade book. Additional information: 1. The selected trade book will have part or all of its setting in a country other than the United States of America. 2. The unit will display integration of language arts (English usage, writing/composition, and spelling), reading (comprehension and fluency), math, scienceRead MoreNigeria s Capital City1598 Words   |  7 Pages Western: 30 degrees East; 15 degrees South Eastern: 16 degrees East; 12 degrees North Eastern: 13 degrees East; 7 degrees South Southern: 7 degrees North; 3 degrees North Southern: 30 degrees East; 15 degrees South Cite: â€Å"Introduction to Geography: People, Places, and Environment 6th Edition† by: Dahlman Renwick What is Abuja’s (Nigeria’s capital city) relative location? What is Nigeria’s other major city and former capital? Abuja’s relative location is Central Nigeria; North of the NigerRead MoreBook Summary of John H. Walton, Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament:4623 Words   |  19 Pagesup into fourteen chapters. Those fourteen chapters are each part of one of five sections. This book also contains over twenty historical images. Before the introduction, the author gives readers a full appendix of all images used in this published work. The author then gives his acknowledgements followed by a list of abbreviations. Part 1- Comparative studies The first section of the book is titled comparative studies. This section is comprised of the first two chapters. Chapter one is aptly namedRead MoreZiyin 1 1 Essay1327 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿Ziyin Li English 1A Paul Glanting October 10, 2014 The rhetoric in Geography of Bliss In Geography of Bliss, Eric Weiner is setting on finding the worlds happiest country. He uses a beguiling mixture of travel, psychology, science, and humor to investigate where happiness is. Rhetoric has enjoyed many definitions, accommodated differing purposes, and varied widely in what it included. The traditional definition of rhetoric, first proposed by Aristotle, was the art of observing in any given case

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Impact of Demographic Variables

Question: Describe the impact of demographic variables on African-American student athletes academic performance. Answer: Introduction The academic performance of the student is generally considered as the critical aspect of assessing the quality of education. The academic scores alone are not sufficient enough to fully understand the cause of academic success or failure. Various institutes have enrolled students based on their athletic character; most of them do not possess the reasonable possibility to pass the academic tests (Reynolds, Fisher, Cavil, 2012). Several academic researchers have shown the significant effect of demographic characteristics on their academic career. Especially of the African-American athletic student, various factors play the vital role in for both men and women athletics to succeed in academic life. In this particular study, the detailed analysis needs to be performed to understand fully the factor affecting the academic performance of the African-American Student Athletes. In this particular study, the researcher needs to choose descriptive procedure for conducting the research. Furthermore, the analyst will consider both qualitative and quantitative data collection process for having a detailed idea and understanding the research topic. 1. Research questions Research questions are believed to be the most useful area for understanding the research topic in detailed and easy manner. The research questions emphasize in the area of research that provides the analyst with better understanding collecting useful and relevant data for analysis. The research questions set for this particular topic are: Do the African-American athletic students have external influence over the academic performance? How much the demographic characteristics of athletic students affect the academic career? 2. Hypothesis The hypothesis set for conducting the research is: Hypothesis 1: H0: The gender, age, cultural background, occupation, family background effect has a significant impact on their academic performance. H1: The gender, age, cultural background, occupation, family background effect has no impact on their academic performance. Hypothesis 2: H0: The demographic characteristics do affect the academic performance of the African-American Student Athletes. H1: The demographic characteristics do not affect the academic performance of the African-American Student Athletes. 3. Research purpose Conducting the research on the topic Impact of Demographic Variables on African-American Student Athletes Academic Performance will help the researcher understand the relationship between academic performance and demographic variables. In terms of academic performance, there are usually two types of students who can improve their performance and who cannot (Carrell, Sacerdote, West, 2013). Thus, conducting the research will provide the analyst understand the influence of characters like gender, age, cultural background, occupation, family background upon the academic performance of the African-American students athletics. 4. Research Design Choosing a particular research design helps the researcher in explaining the detailed framework for that will provide a better selection of data collection and analysis pattern. During the data collection and data analysis process following a particular approach helps in better defining the selected research design (Traynowicz et al., 2016). In academic researchers, three particular research designs are followed, namely exploratory, explanatory and descriptive. The exploratory research design is utilized by the researcher to acknowledge several kinds of thoughts and ideas required to complete the analysis. In explanatory design, the events and incidents occurrence are described on the pattern of their occurrence. The Explanatory research design is limited only by the cause and effect characteristics of events (Busch et al., 2014). Apart from that, the descriptive design seeks the detailed description along with the occurrence of the incidents or events. Justification: For this particular research topic, the researcher should be avid the explanatory research design since the longitudinal study was not possible to research of this particular topic (Johnson, Wessel Pierce, 2013). For the analysis of this particular topic, the researcher will need to follow the descriptive research design for analysis the impact of demographic characteristics on the African American student athletes academic performance. 4.1. Elements of the design The essential elements of the research design help in describing the conceptual structure of the research design. The vital elements of research design are sample size, types of data collected and data collection procedure to conduct the research. Sample: Population in the research study is defined as the number of people who are indirectly or directly concerned with the research topic (Mertens, 2014). In this particular research study, the African-American basketball players of university and colleges are taken into consideration. Since the number of the population concerned with the research is not possible to represent, the researcher will consider football players of Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas and Alabama universities. Sample size: The sample size is considered to be the number of people on whom the research is conducted. The researcher will consider total 100 football players twenty from each of the area to conduct research. The sample size will be selected on random from different universities. Types of Data: For conducting the research study, the analyst needs to collect various kinds of data. There are two types of data, namely Quantitative and Qualitative. The researcher will collect both qualitative and quantitative data from valid and reliable sources. The Qualitative data are usually defined as the narrative form of data collected from the secondary sources that provide theoretical and better description of the research topic (Mazanov et al., 2013). The quantitative data assists in defining the data collected from the primary sources. The quantitative data provides a statistic representation of the collected data. In this research topic, the data collected from interviews with the professors of the different universities are considered for qualitative data collection and the data collected from students will be considered as the quantitative data. Data Collection Procedure: For the data collection procedure, the researcher needs to consider the face-to-face interview with the professors about the impact of demographic character on students academic performance (Voyer, Voyer, 2014). The interaction session and interview will provide the researcher with qualitative data for analysis. On the other hand, the athletic students of the universities will be given an online survey for collection of primary raw data. 4.2. Data Analysis Measure: The data collected from the secondary source will be considered for providing a theoretical background to the research topic. For the analysis of the data, the primary data will be taken into consideration. The researcher will conduct qualitative and qualitative and quantitative analysis of data. The students will be asked on participating in an online survey that will comprise of various questions. The response of the students will be collected on rating according to Likerts Scale from 1 to 5 (Blumer, 2016). Here, 1 rating means strongly agree, and 5 rating means strongly disagree, and the 3 rating will represent neutral answer towards the question. Statistical Analysis: For analyzing the data collected from the primary sources, the researcher will consider an application of regression models for data analysis (Lewis, 2015). As motioned in the above sections, the researcher has considered various aspects such as academic performance, demographic characteristics, and others. In order to advance with the first hypothesis The gender, age, cultural background, occupation, family background effect has the significant impact on their academic performance" the researcher will consider applying the multiple regression analysis models. For this regression model, the academic performance is considered as the dependent variable whereas gender, age, cultural background, occupation, family background are the dependent variable. Therefore, the regression model will look like- Academic Performance = A + B*Gender + C*Age + D*Cultural Background + E*Occupation + F*Family background Where A = Intercept of the Model B = Coefficient of Gender C = Coefficient of Age D = Coefficient of Cultural background E = Coefficient of occupation F = Coefficient of Family Background On the other hand, for the analysis of the second hypothesis- "The demographic characteristics do affect the academic performance of the African-American Student Athletes, the researcher will also utilize multiple regression models. For this analysis of data, Academic performance is considered as the dependent variable whereas the African-American Student Athletes and demographic characteristics have been considered as the independent variable. Thus, after applying the second hypothesis, the regression model will look like: Academic performance = A + B* African-American Student Athletes + C* demographic characteristics Where A = Intercept of the Model B = Coefficient of African-American Student Athletes C = Coefficient of demographic characteristics 4.3. Strengths and Weaknesses of the Envision Design and Methods Strength: Conducting the descriptive research design for the data analysis and collection of data provides various significant aspects of having in-depth knowledge of the research topic. The significant aspect of the research design is that it will provide a multi-facet approach for the collection of data (Kowalczyk, 2014). This research approach will provide insight details of the academic performance of the athletic students. Apart from that, one of the major advantages of this study that it will maintain data confidentiality of the information collected through the research (Voyer, Voyer, 2014). Apart from that, the data collected for this research will be considered for voluntary involvement of the participants. No external pressure will be exerted on the students for the online survey processes. Weakness: The research procedure allows the researcher in gaining in-depth description and details of the research topic. But there is no denying the fact that, there do exist various limitation and weaknesses that are both non-avoidable and avoidable in nature (Li, 2013). The weaknesses in the research process restrict the scope of the research topic. In spite of the various advantages of conducting the research in the said procedure, there is no denying the fact that there do exists some weaknesses. Reliability: The athletic students involved in the process of online survey were not influenced by any kind of external pressure. However, the students can be biased towards the university and professor that may have affected the findings of the research procedure (Boone, Boone, 2012). Thus, the issues regarding the reliability of the data are existent in the research study. Furthermore, due to the cross-sectional characteristics of the research study, the analyst has the time limitation for conducting the data collection and analysis procedure. Thus, various in-depth information and details will not be able to consider during the study. Another weakness of the research is the budget constraint in this investigation. Lack of sufficient resources has limited the data collection to fewer students and universities that will not provide the accurate research conclusion. 4.4. Quantitative: How you will address threats to validity One of the most vital manifestations of Quantitative Data in the research paper is the validity. The ultimate question that lies while accounting the quantitative data collection and analysis is whether the research can draw a valid conclusion to the research questions (Rosenkrantz at al., 2013). The threat for ensuring the validity of the data lies throughout the research. For mitigating the threats to ensure valid data the researcher need to have sufficient knowledge about the contradiction of logic. The internal validity issues may occur while using the appropriate instrument for the research. To address the threats to validity, the researcher must not be biased against using particular instrument should be avoided. Furthermore, the threats to address the external data validity need to be also considered (Little, Rubin, 2014). The external validity refers to the reliability of the data collected from the sample size of the research. For ensuring the validity of data, the researcher needs to select the sample size on random. Furthermore, the researcher must not exert any external pressure on the respondents for providing responds to the online survey. 4.5. Quantitative: the constructs to measure to operationalize them For measuring the quantitative data collected in the data collection process, the researcher will use Likerts scale for collecting the data on a range of 1 to 5. The responses will be collected on the basis of five entities strongly agree, agree, neutral, disagree, and strongly disagree with the analysis (Mandel, 2012). Furthermore, the researcher will consider the application of multiple regression models for the analysis of collected data on the basis of the hypothesis (Voyer, Voyer, 2014). The data will be stored in tabular form, and statistical representation will be provided for the better understanding and representation of the collected data. 4.6. Qualitative: ensuring the quality of findings The Qualitative data needs to concern about the generalized theoretical concept of the research topic. The qualitative data have empirical applicability, theoretical generalizability and practical usefulness that have threats to the quality of the data. The researcher needs to compare between the empirical findings of the data with the previously conducted research (Fulton, Meyer, 2014). The researcher can ensure the quality of the data findings by maintaining some code of standards and standard instruction for measurement of the collected data. The ambiguous data can be preserved by following the standard procedure in data collection process while interviewing the professors. 6. Data Collection/ Method of Data Analysis The data collection process mentioned in the study helps in better extracting the information and better analysis of the data. The accurate data collected through the data collection procedure helps in driving the research procedure in the appropriate direction. Various sources of data are utilized by the researcher to have a transparent idea about the research process (Hosmer Jr, Lemeshow, Sturdivant, 2013). The researcher will utilize both the primary and secondary sources for collecting the data for conducting the research. The primary source of data will provide raw information about the topic while the secondary data source will help in providing a theoretical background to the research. The data analysis procedure will help in concluding the research. The analyst will use the multiple regression models for the detailed analysis of the collected data. The data analysis of the quantitative data allows the researcher to cross check the previous researchers and qualitative data collected. The multiple regression models will assist the researcher in statistically estimating the relationship existing between the academic performance and demographic character of the African-American student athletics (Krmer, Sonnberger, 2012). 7. Data Collected Will Enables the Researcher to Answer the Research Questions and Contribute To Theory The researcher ill collect the data through personal interviews with the professors and online surveys of the football athletes of various universities. By analyzing the collected data, the researcher will be able to understand the relationship between the academic performance and demographic characteristics among the student athletes (Creswell, 2013). Understanding the relation will help the researcher to utilize the significant area in order to improve the academic performance of the African-American Students. Apart from that, the successfully conducted research will allow the analyst in answering the research questions. Conclusion The entire research focuses on realizing the impact of demographic character on the academic performance of the students. The descriptive research design will allow the researcher in conducting the research while completely monitoring and controlling every procedure of the research study. Based on the data analysis procedure, the analyst will link the relevant data that will improve the success rate of the research. The findings of the research will help the students in overcoming the academic inabilities through the clear understanding of the scope of improvement. References Blumer, H. (2016). Research Purpose, Aim and Questions. InInternal Communication in Bangladeshi Ready-Made Garment Factories(pp. 49-50). Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. Boone, H. N., Boone, D. A. (2012). Analyzing likert data.Journal of extension,50(2), 1-5. Busch, V., Loyen, A., Lodder, M., Schrijvers, A. J., van Yperen, T. A., de Leeuw, J. R. (2014). The Effects of Adolescent Health-Related Behavior on Academic Performance A Systematic Review of the Longitudinal Evidence.Review of Educational Research, 0034654313518441. Carrell, S. E., Sacerdote, B. I., West, J. E. (2013). From natural variation to optimal policy? The importance of endogenous peer group formation.Econometrica,81(3), 855-882. Creswell, J. W. (2013).Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications. Fulton, B. A., Meyer, J. S. (2014). Development of a regression model to predict copper toxicity to Daphnia magna and site specific copper criteria across multiple surface water drainages in an arid landscape.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry,33(8), 1865-1873. Hosmer Jr, D. W., Lemeshow, S., Sturdivant, R. X. (2013). Logistic Regression Models for Multinomial and Ordinal Outcomes.Applied Logistic Regression, Third Edition, 269-311. Johnson, J. E., Wessel, R. D., Pierce, D. A. (2013). Exploring the influence of select demographic, academic, and athletic variables on the retention of student-athletes.Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory Practice,15(2), 135-155. Kowalczyk, D. (2014). Purposes of research: Exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory. Krmer, W., Sonnberger, H. (2012).The linear regression model under test. Springer Science Business Media. Lewis, S. (2015). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches.Health promotion practice, 1524839915580941. Li, Q. (2013). A novel Likert scale based on fuzzy sets theory.Expert Systems with Applications,40(5), 1609-1618. Little, R. J., Rubin, D. B. (2014).Statistical analysis with missing data. John Wiley Sons. Mandel, J. (2012).The statistical analysis of experimental data. Courier Corporation. Mazanov, J., Dunn, M., Connor, J., Fielding, M. L. (2013). Substance use to enhance academic performance among Australian university students.Performance Enhancement Health,2(3), 110-118. Mertens, D. M. (2014).Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology: Integrating Diversity With Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods: Integrating Diversity With Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods. Sage Publications. Reynolds, L., Fisher, D., Cavil, J. K. (2012). Impact of demographic variables on African-American student athletes' academic performance.The Journal of Educational Foundations,26(3/4), 93. Rosenkrantz, A. B., Kim, S., Lim, R. P., Hindman, N., Deng, F. M., Babb, J. S., Taneja, S. S. (2013). Prostate cancer localization using multiparametric MR imaging: comparison of Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) and Likert scales.Radiology,269(2), 482-492. Traynowicz, L., Harrison, C. K., McPherson-Botts, G., Bukstein, S., Lawrence, S. M. (2016). A Quantitative Analysis Of The Academic, Athletic, And Social Domain Perceptions Of Division I Football Players.College Student Affairs Journal,34(1), 17-32. Voyer, D., Voyer, S. D. (2014). Gender differences in scholastic achievement: A meta-analysis.Psychological Bulletin,140(4), 1174.

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Radians Appendix

Question: Describe about the Radians Appendix? Answer: We have taken around 640 points for calculating the ordinates separated by 0.01 radians. Some of the points are shown in the following table, while rest can be found in the appendix. V1 V2 R 0 121.2436 -100 21.24356 0.01 121.9375 -99.995 21.94248 0.02 122.6192 -99.98 22.63921 0.03 123.2887 -99.955 23.33368 0.04 123.9458 -99.92 24.02582 0.05 124.5906 -99.875 24.71555 0.06 125.2229 -99.8201 25.40281 0.07 125.8426 -99.7551 26.08753 0.08 126.4498 -99.6802 26.76964 0.09 127.0443 -99.5953 27.44908 0.1 127.6262 -99.5004 28.12577 0.11 128.1953 -99.3956 28.79964 0.12 128.7515 -99.2809 29.47064 The graph obtained for the signals and their resultant are shown in the following figure: The magnitude of the resultant can be calculated as : The magnitude of the phase is given as: Using the trapezoidal rule and taking 10 point intervals we have the following values: Interval length(h=0.3) Velocity 1 0.3 17.11 8.555 2 0.6 15.04 15.04 3 0.9 12.79 12.79 4 1.2 10.36 10.36 5 1.5 7.75 7.75 6 1.8 4.96 4.96 7 2.1 1.99 1.99 8 2.4 -1.16 -1.16 9 2.7 -4.49 -4.49 10 3 -8 -4 Sum 51.795 Total distance(sum*h) 15.5385 Average Acceleration: Using the midpoint ordinate rule and taking 10 point intervals we have the following values: Interval length(h=0.3) Mid points 1 0.3 0.45 16.0975 2 0.6 0.75 13.9375 3 0.9 1.05 11.5975 4 1.2 1.35 9.0775 5 1.5 1.65 6.3775 6 1.8 1.95 3.4975 7 2.1 2.25 0.4375 8 2.4 2.55 -2.8025 9 2.7 2.85 -6.2225 10 3 Sum 51.9975 Total Distance(sum*h) 15.59925 Average Acceleration: Using the Simpson rule and taking 10 point intervals we have the following values: Interval length(0.3) Velocity Ordinate points 1 0.3 17.11 8.555 8.555 2 0.6 15.04 15.04 60.16 3 0.9 12.79 12.79 25.58 4 1.2 10.36 10.36 41.44 5 1.5 7.75 7.75 15.5 6 1.8 4.96 4.96 19.84 7 2.1 1.99 1.99 3.98 8 2.4 -1.16 -1.16 -4.64 9 2.7 -4.49 -4.49 -8.98 10 3 -8 -4 -4 Sum 157.435 Distance(sum*h/3) 15.7435 Average Acceleration: The calculus method: Average Acceleration: For the calculus method gives the correct result the number of points taken should be more to achieve the result closer to calculus values. The Simpsons value is the most closer. The technologies like spreadsheet hep in calculating more points and hence help in achieving the values closer to the actual. Appendix V1 V2 R 0 121.2436 -100 21.24356 0.01 121.9375 -99.995 21.94248 0.02 122.6192 -99.98 22.63921 0.03 123.2887 -99.955 23.33368 0.04 123.9458 -99.92 24.02582 0.05 124.5906 -99.875 24.71555 0.06 125.2229 -99.8201 25.40281 0.07 125.8426 -99.7551 26.08753 0.08 126.4498 -99.6802 26.76964 0.09 127.0443 -99.5953 27.44908 0.1 127.6262 -99.5004 28.12577 0.11 128.1953 -99.3956 28.79964 0.12 128.7515 -99.2809 29.47064 0.13 129.2949 -99.1562 30.13869 0.14 129.8253 -99.0216 30.80373 0.15 130.3428 -98.8771 31.46568 0.16 130.8472 -98.7227 32.12449 0.17 131.3386 -98.5585 32.78009 0.18 131.8168 -98.3844 33.43241 0.19 132.2818 -98.2004 34.08139 0.2 132.7336 -98.0067 34.72695 0.21 133.1721 -97.8031 35.36905 0.22 133.5974 -97.5897 36.00761 0.23 134.0092 -97.3666 36.64256 0.24 134.4077 -97.1338 37.27386 0.25 134.7927 -96.8912 37.90142 0.26 135.1642 -96.639 38.5252 0.27 135.5222 -96.3771 39.14512 0.28 135.8667 -96.1055 39.76113 0.29 136.1976 -95.8244 40.37316 0.3 136.5148 -95.5336 40.98116 0.31 136.8184 -95.2334 41.58506 0.32 137.1083 -94.9235 42.1848 0.33 137.3846 -94.6042 42.78032 0.34 137.647 -94.2755 43.37156 0.35 137.8957 -93.9373 43.95846 0.36 138.1307 -93.5897 44.54097 0.37 138.3518 -93.2327 45.11903 0.38 138.559 -92.8665 45.69257 0.39 138.7525 -92.4909 46.26155 0.4 138.932 -92.1061 46.8259 0.41 139.0976 -91.7121 47.38556 0.42 139.2494 -91.3089 47.94049 0.43 139.3872 -90.8966 48.49062 0.44 139.5111 -90.4752 49.03591 0.45 139.621 -90.0447 49.57629 0.46 139.717 -89.6052 50.11171 0.47 139.799 -89.1568 50.64212 0.48 139.867 -88.6995 51.16747 0.49 139.921 -88.2333 51.6877 0.5 139.961 -87.7583 52.20276 0.51 139.9871 -87.2745 52.7126 0.52 139.9991 -86.7819 53.21718 0.53 139.9971 -86.2807 53.71642 0.54 139.9812 -85.7709 54.2103 0.55 139.9512 -85.2525 54.69876 0.56 139.9073 -84.7255 55.18175 0.57 139.8493 -84.1901 55.65921 0.58 139.7774 -83.6463 56.13112 0.59 139.6915 -83.0941 56.59741 0.6 139.5916 -82.5336 57.05804 0.61 139.4778 -81.9648 57.51296 0.62 139.35 -81.3878 57.96213 0.63 139.2083 -80.8028 58.40551 0.64 139.0526 -80.2096 58.84305 0.65 138.8831 -79.6084 59.2747 0.66 138.6996 -78.9992 59.70042 0.67 138.5023 -78.3822 60.12018 0.68 138.2912 -77.7573 60.53392 0.69 138.0662 -77.1246 60.94161 0.7 137.8274 -76.4842 61.34321 0.71 137.5749 -75.8362 61.73867 0.72 137.3085 -75.1806 62.12795 0.73 137.0285 -74.5174 62.51103 0.74 136.7347 -73.8469 62.88785 0.75 136.4273 -73.1689 63.25839 0.76 136.1062 -72.4836 63.6226 0.77 135.7715 -71.7911 63.98044 0.78 135.4232 -71.0914 64.33189 0.79 135.0614 -70.3845 64.67691 0.8 134.6861 -69.6707 65.01545 0.81 134.2973 -68.9498 65.3475 0.82 133.8951 -68.2221 65.67301 0.83 133.4795 -67.4876 65.99196 0.84 133.0506 -66.7463 66.3043 0.85 132.6083 -65.9983 66.61002 0.86 132.1528 -65.2437 66.90907 0.87 131.6841 -64.4827 67.20143 0.88 131.2022 -63.7151 67.48708 0.89 130.7072 -62.9412 67.76597 0.9 130.1991 -62.161 68.03809 0.91 129.678 -61.3746 68.3034 0.92 129.1439 -60.582 68.56189 0.93 128.5969 -59.7834 68.81352 0.94 128.0371 -58.9788 69.05826 0.95 127.4644 -58.1683 69.2961 0.96 126.879 -57.352 69.52701 0.97 126.2809 -56.53 69.75097 0.98 125.6702 -55.7023 69.96796 0.99 125.0469 -54.869 70.17794 1 124.4111 -54.0302 70.38091 1.01 123.7629 -53.1861 70.57684 1.02 123.1023 -52.3366 70.76572 1.03 122.4294 -51.4819 70.94751 1.04 121.7442 -50.622 71.12221 1.05 121.0469 -49.7571 71.2898 1.06 120.3375 -48.8872 71.45027 1.07 119.616 -48.0124 71.60358 1.08 118.8826 -47.1328 71.74974 1.09 118.1373 -46.2485 71.88872 1.1 117.3801 -45.3596 72.02051 1.11 116.6113 -44.4662 72.1451 1.12 115.8307 -43.5682 72.26248 1.13 115.0386 -42.666 72.37263 1.14 114.235 -41.7595 72.47554 1.15 113.4199 -40.8487 72.5712 1.16 112.5936 -39.934 72.65961 1.17 111.7559 -39.0152 72.74075 1.18 110.9071 -38.0925 72.81462 1.19 110.0472 -37.166 72.88121 1.2 109.1763 -36.2358 72.9405 1.21 108.2944 -35.3019 72.99251 1.22 107.4018 -34.3646 73.03721 1.23 106.4984 -33.4238 73.07461 1.24 105.5843 -32.4796 73.10471 1.25 104.6597 -31.5322 73.12749 1.26 103.7247 -30.5817 73.14296 1.27 102.7792 -29.6281 73.15112 1.28 101.8235 -28.6715 73.15196 1.29 100.8576 -27.7121 73.14549 1.3 99.88158 -26.7499 73.1317 1.31 98.8956 -25.785 73.1106 1.32 97.89973 -24.8175 73.08219 1.33 96.89407 -23.8476 73.04647 1.34 95.87872 -22.8753 73.00344 1.35 94.85378 -21.9007 72.95312 1.36 93.81936 -20.9239 72.8955 1.37 92.77556 -19.945 72.83059 1.38 91.72248 -18.9641 72.75839 1.39 90.66022 -17.9813 72.67892 1.4 89.5889 -16.9967 72.59219 1.41 88.50862 -16.0104 72.49819 1.42 87.41949 -15.0225 72.39695 1.43 86.32162 -14.0332 72.28846 1.44 85.21512 -13.0424 72.17275 1.45 84.10009 -12.0503 72.04982 1.46 82.97666 -11.057 71.91968 1.47 81.84493 -10.0626 71.78235 1.48 80.70501 -9.06716 71.63785 1.49 79.55702 -8.07084 71.48618 1.5 78.40108 -7.07372 71.32736 1.51 77.2373 -6.07589 71.16141 1.52 76.06579 -5.07745 70.98834 1.53 74.88668 -4.0785 70.80817 1.54 73.70007 -3.07915 70.62093 1.55 72.5061 -2.07948 70.42662 1.56 71.30488 -1.07961 70.22527 1.57 70.09653 -0.07963 70.01689 1.58 68.88116 0.920354 69.80152 1.59 67.65891 1.920249 69.57916 1.6 66.4299 2.919952 69.34985 1.61 65.19424 3.919363 69.1136 1.62 63.95206 4.918382 68.87044 1.63 62.70349 5.916909 68.6204 1.64 61.44864 6.914845 68.36349 1.65 60.18765 7.912089 68.09974 1.66 58.92065 8.908542 67.82919 1.67 57.64775 9.904104 67.55185 1.68 56.36908 10.89868 67.26776 1.69 55.08478 11.89216 66.97694 1.7 53.79497 12.88445 66.67942 1.71 52.49978 13.87545 66.37524 1.72 51.19934 14.86507 66.06441 1.73 49.89379 15.8532 65.74699 1.74 48.58324 16.83974 65.42298 1.75 47.26783 17.82461 65.09244 1.76 45.9477 18.80768 64.75538 1.77 44.62297 19.78888 64.41185 1.78 43.29378 20.7681 64.06188 1.79 41.96026 21.74524 63.7055 1.8 40.62254 22.72021 63.34275 1.81 39.28077 23.6929 62.97367 1.82 37.93506 24.66323 62.59829 1.83 36.58556 25.63109 62.21665 1.84 35.2324 26.59639 61.82879 1.85 33.87572 27.55902 61.43475 1.86 32.51565 28.51891 61.03456 1.87 31.15233 29.47594 60.62827 1.88 29.7859 30.43002 60.21592 1.89 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